Green culture - Permaculture and natural farming
Permaculture is a creative design process based on whole-systems thinking that uses ethics and design principles. It has many branches that include but are not limited to ecological design, ecological engineering, environmental design, construction and integrated water resources management that develops sustainable architecture, regenerative and self-maintained habitat and agricultural systems modeled from natural ecosystems.The term permaculture (as a systematic method) was first coined by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in 1978. The word permaculture originally referred to "permanent agriculture" but was expanded to stand also for "permanent culture," as it was seen that social aspects were integral to a truly sustainable system as inspired by Masanobu Fukuoka's natural farming philosophy.
Permaculture is a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system.
Learning from ever existing Nature. Understanding the patterns and processes by which nature sustains life is central to ecological literacy. A learning that connect with plant and animal species of the nature and to live harmonically with mutual support and understanding. The 6 ecological concepts that will speak of principles of ecology, principles of sustainability, principles of community, to understand and to apply in the real world.
Nature is the best teacher.... so understanding nature will make us understand about ourselves.
6 Ecological Concepts
All living things in an ecosystem are interconnected through networks of relationship. They depend on this web of life to survive. For example: In a garden, a network of pollinators promotes genetic diversity; plants, in turn, provide nectar and pollen to the pollinators.
Nature is made up of systems that are nested within systems. Each individual system is an integrated whole and — at the same time — part of larger systems. Changes within a system can affect the sustainability of the systems that are nested within it as well as the larger systems in which it exists. For example: Cells are nested within organs within organisms within ecosystems.
Members of an ecological community depend on the exchange of resources in continual cycles. Cycles within an ecosystem intersect with larger regional and global cycles. For example: Water cycles through a garden and is also part of the global water cycle.
Each organism needs a continual flow of energy to stay alive. The constant flow of energy from the sun to Earth sustains life and drives most ecological cycles. For example: Energy flows through a food web when a plant converts the sun's energy through photosynthesis, a mouse eats the plant, a snake eats the mouse, and a hawk eats the snake. In each transfer, some energy is lost as heat, requiring an ongoing energy flow into the system.
All life — from individual organisms to species to ecosystems — changes over time. Individuals develop and learn, species adapt and evolve, and organisms in ecosystems co-evolve. For example: Hummingbirds and honeysuckle flowers have developed in ways that benefit each other; the hummingbird's color vision and slender bill coincide with the colors and shapes of the flowers.
Ecological communities act as feedback loops, so that the community maintains a relatively steady state that also has continual fluctuations. This dynamic balance provides resiliency in the face of ecosystem change. For example: Ladybugs in a garden eat aphids. When the aphid population falls, some ladybugs die off, which permits the aphid population to rise again, which supports more ladybugs. The populations of the individual species rise and fall, but balance within the system allows them to thrive together.
Sustainable living is green living – a way to self sufficient lifestyle. It is lifestyle choice.
Sustainable living is defined as......"A lifestyle that can be sustained without exhausting natural resources…" That is: living simply and efficiently, and making everything we do use go as far as possible and achieve as much for us as possible!
What is basic or simple living?
Living in a way that is outwardly
simple and inwardly rich.
Simple living to many of its adherents is an intelligent response to the realization that rampant materialism has not only failed to deliver its promise of greater happiness, but is an abject waste of your life, and also threatens the sustainability of the Earth and the possible collapse of modern civilization.
Basic or simple living is about the conscious pursuit of authentic happiness and finding true fulfillment in life. It allows us to escape the mindless consumption that keeps us shackled to the rat race, freeing up our lives and our time so that we can enjoy the really important things in life.
“Downshifting” to a more materially simple life allows us to exchange the stress, social injustice and ecological irresponsibility of consumerism for improved financial security, quality of life, personal sustainability and/or spirituality. it is a desire to live a simpler life, achieving authentic happiness while using fewer resources.
ADVANTAGES OF VOLUNTARY SIMPLICITY:
Happiness : Personal freedom : Financial security : Spirituality : Global responsibility : Sustainable Health : Time to live : Future shock security:
Sustainable living goals encompass all of these.
HOW TO ACHIEVE BASIC OR SIMPLE LIVING -
Enjoy Simple Living
LESS (stress, disorder, debt)
is MORE (freedom, purpose, peace).